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Generic name: Desmopressin acetate
Why is Stimate prescribed?
Stimate nasal spray, nose drops, and tablets are given to prevent or control the frequent urination and loss of water associated with diabetes insipidus (a rare condition characterized by very large quantities of diluted urine and excessive thirst). They are also used to treat frequent passage of urine and increased thirst in people with certain brain injuries, and those who have undergone surgery in the pituitary region of the brain. Stimate nasal spray and nose drops are also prescribed to help stop some types of bedwetting.
Stimate nasal spray is used to stop bleeding in certain types of hemophilia (failure of the blood to clot).
Most important fact about Stimate
When taking Stimate, elderly and young people in particular should limit their fluid intake to no more than what satisfies thirst. Although extremely rare, there is a possibility of water intoxication, in which reduced sodium levels in the blood can lead to seizures.
How should you take Stimate?
Use Stimate exactly as prescribed. The spray and drops are for nasal use only; never swallow the medication or allow the liquid to run into your mouth.
Your doctor may increase or decrease your dosage, depending on how you respond to Stimate. Your response will be judged by how long you are able to sleep without having to get up to urinate and how much urine your kidneys produce.
The Stimate nasal spray pump bottle accurately delivers 50 doses of the medication. After the 50th dose, the amount of medication that comes out with each spray will no longer be a full dose. When this happens, throw the bottle away even if it is not completely empty.
Stimate nasal spray delivers 25 doses; the same instructions apply. The Stimate nasal spray pump must be primed before you use it for the first time: Press down 4 times.
Since the Stimate spray bottle delivers only a standard-sized dose, those who need more or less medication should use the nose drops instead of the spray.
If nasal congestion, scars, or swelling inside the nose make it difficult to absorb Stimate, your doctor may temporarily stop the drug or give you tablets or an injectable form. If you are switched to tablets, you should start taking them 12 hours after you last used the nasal spray or nose drops.
--If you miss a dose...
Take the forgotten dose as soon as you remember. If you take 1 dose a day and don"t remember until the next day, skip the dose. If you take Stimate more than once a day and it is almost time for the next dose, skip the one you missed and go back to your regular schedule. Never try to "catch up" by doubling the dose.
The drops should be stored in the refrigerator. If you are traveling, they will stay fresh at room temperature for up to 3 weeks.
The tablets and nasal spray can be kept at room temperature. Protect the tablets from heat and light.
What side effects may occur?
Too high a dosage of Stimate nasal spray or drops may produce headache, nausea, mild abdominal cramps, stuffy nose, irritation of the nose, or flushing. These symptoms will probably disappear when the dosage is reduced. Some people have complained of nosebleed, sore throat, cough, or a cold or other upper respiratory infections after taking Stimate nasal spray or drops.
Why should Stimate not be prescribed?
Do not use Stimate if you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to any of its ingredients.
Special warnings about Stimate
If you have cystic fibrosis or any other condition in which there is fluid and electrolyte imbalance, you should use Stimate with extreme caution.
Because Stimate may cause a rise in blood pressure, use Stimate cautiously if you have high blood pressure and/or coronary artery disease. Your blood pressure could also fall temporarily. If you continue to experience bleeding after using Stimate nasal spray, contact your doctor.
Possible food and drug interactions when taking Stimate
If Stimate is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Stimate with the following:
Special information if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. Although Stimate is not known to cause birth defects, it should be used with caution. Stimate should be taken during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Stimate is not believed to appear in breast milk. However, check with your doctor before using the drug while breastfeeding.
Your doctor will carefully tailor your dosage to meet your individual needs.
CENTRAL CRANIAL DIABETES INSIPIDUS
Stimate Nasal Spray and Nose Drops
Adults: The usual recommended dosage range is 0.1 to 0.4 milliliter daily, either as a single dose or divided into 2 or 3 doses. Most adults require 0.2 milliliter per day divided into 2 doses.
Children: The usual dosage range for children aged 3 months to 12 years is 0.05 to 0.3 milliliter daily, either as a single dose or divided into 2 doses.
Adults and Children Aged 4 and Over: The usual starting dose is half of a 0.1-milligram tablet twice a day. Your doctor will adjust the dose to suit you. You will eventually take 0.1 to 1.2 milligrams a day, divided into smaller doses.
PRIMARY NOCTURNAL ENURESIS (BEDWETTING)
Stimate Nasal Spray/Nose Drops
Children 6 Years of Age and Older: The usual recommended dose is 20 micrograms or 0.2 milliliter at bedtime. Dosage requirements range from 10 to 40 micrograms. One-half the dose should be taken in each nostril.
Stimate Nasal Spray
To stop bleeding, the usual dose is one 150-microgram spray in each nostril. If you use the spray more frequently than every 48 hours, you may find you are not responding as well as you should to the drug.
An overdose of Stimate may cause abdominal cramps, flushing, headache, or nausea. If you suspect an overdose of Stimate, seek medical attention immediately.
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